27 February, 2018 20:59

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There will be light food and refreshments

straight after Arvit

for breakfast!!


The 2nd Megila readings

both in the Night & Day will take place

at 26 York Avenue, Prestwich

Night @ 9 pm

Day @ 10:15 am

for further infromation

contact N Bitton

as there may be further Megila readings


Zecher LeMachasit Hashekel

The Custom of the “Commemoration of the Half-Shekel”-5778

It is customary to donate money before Purim as “a commemoration of the Half-Shekel” which was donated by the entire Jewish nation when the Bet Hamikdash stood. This money is customarily collected on the eve of Purim before reading the Megillah, as our Sages tell us (Megilla 13b) that “it is revealed and known before the Creator of the world that Haman would, in the future, weigh Shekalim against the Jews, therefore, He preceded their Shekalim to his.” Nevertheless, one may donate this sum before this time, any time following Rosh Chodesh Adar.

Not Calling this Sum the “Half-Shekel”
The Poskim write that nowadays one should be careful not to call this sum of money “the Half-Shekel,” rather, “a commemoration of the Half-Shekel,” for if one would call it the former, there is concern that this money may be consecrated to the Bet Hamikdash and thus be prohibited to benefit from, thereby prohibiting its distribution to the poor.

This is mentioned openly in the Responsa of the Geonim that “calling Tzedakah money ‘the Half-Shekel’ is improper and this money becomes prohibited to benefit from.” Thus, it is proper to call this money just a “commemoration of the Half-Shekel” in order to avoid any doubt.

The Amount One Should Donate for the Commemoration of the Half-Shekel
What is the amount one should donate in commemoration of the Half-Shekel? The actual Half-Shekel coin amounted to the weight of nine grams of pure silver. However, if one’s financial situation does not allow one to donate this amount, donating any coin in commemoration of the Half-Shekel is sufficient.

Women must also donate money in commemoration of the Half-Shekel and it is proper for one to donate this amount for one’s small children as well. Some have the custom to donate this amount for their unborn babies as well. (Torat Ha’Mo’adim)

This money must be given as charity to the poor. Hagaon Harav Chaim Palagi writes in his Sefer Ruach Chaim (Chapter 694, Subsection 2) that this money should be given to needy Torah scholars who toil tirelessly in Torah. This is the most important charity of all. Whoever works to raise the glory of the Torah and those who study it shall merit seeing the raised glory of Israel. As our Sages tell us (Baba Batra 10b): “Through what merit will the glory of Israel be raised? Through ‘Ki Tisa’ (donating charity).’”

The appropriate sum that one should donate in commemoration of the Half-Shekel this year (5778) is approximately $6 (USD) per person = around £4.31. (For those residing in Israel, based on the recent USD to NIS conversion rate, the sum this year is approximately 20 NIS per person = £4.13.)

The way to calculate this sum is as follows: A troy ounce of silver consists of 31.1 grams. Thus, the price of one troy ounce of silver [recently approximately $17 USD] must be divided by 31.1 and then multiplied by nine in order to find the updated price of nine grams of silver, which is the value of actual Half-Shekel coin, as we have mentioned in past years.

There is a disagreement among the Poskim whether or not the price per ounce of silver should be calculated including applicable sales tax. Halachically speaking, Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l has instructed us that one may be lenient and calculate this sum excluding tax. However, if one is stringent to donate a larger sum for charity, one shall surely be blessed from above.

The minimum amount of the donation for the commemoration of the Half-Shekel for small children is the value of a coin which is a half of the local currency. Example: In the United States this would be a half-dollar coin, hence, the donation would equal fifty cents. (In Israel, this would be the Half-Shekel [NIS] coin.)

Three Coins
The Rama (Chapter 694) writes that it is proper to donate the sum in commemoration of the Half-Shekel in the form of three coins in commemoration of the fact that the verse states “the donation of Hashem” three times in the portion of the Torah corresponding to the Half-Shekel. This custom is quoted by Hagaon Harav Chaim Palagi as well as by Maran zt”l in his Chazon Ovadia-Purim (page 103).

Thus, in Israel, it is preferable to donate this sum in the form of two Ten-Shekel coins and one Two-Shekel coin. (In the United States, one cannot reach the sum of five dollars using three coins of the local currency and thus, bills are perfectly acceptable.)


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Matanot LaEvyonim

can be given to

David Menashe



Shabbat Times

לוח זמני תפלה לחורףתשע"ח

Winter Timetable 5778 – 2017 / 18

מוצאי שבת

ערבית )מוצ"ש(


מנחה שבת

סוף זמן קריאת שמע

הדלקת נרות


וקבלת שבת


שבת פרשת



Arbit Sunset Minha Shema before Candle Lighting Minha & Kabalat Shabbat Date Parasha
6:39 6:30 5:49 5:10 9:36 5:33 5:30 2/3 Mar

כי תשא

Shabbat Services

Children’s Tehilim straight after Musaf

Anyone wishing to donate a Kiddush Please email Moorlanenews


Q & A on Parashat Ki Tisa

All references are to the verses and Rashi’s commentary, unless otherwise stated.

  1. How many "geira" are in a shekel?
    30:13 – Twenty.
  2. What was the minimum age of military service in the Jewish army?
    30:14 – Twenty.
  3. What were the three different types of terumah donated?
    30:15 – For the adanim (sockets), for the purchase of communal sacrifices, and for the building of the Mishkan.
  4. The Jews were counted after Yom Kippur and again after Pesach. Both times they numbered the same amount. How can this be? Didn’t some 19-year olds turn 20 during that six month period?
    30:16 – Their ages were calculated based on Rosh Hashana, not based on their individual birthdays.
  5. How many ingredients comprise the incense of the Mishkan?
    30:34 – Eleven ingredients were used making the incense.
  6. According to Rashi, why are sailors called "malachim?"
    30:35 – Because they stir (malach) the water with their oars.
  7. What is the difference between chochma (wisdom), bina(understanding), and da’at (knowledge)?
    31:3 – Chochma is knowledge acquired from others. Bina is the deduction of new knowledge from what one has already learned. Da’atis holy inspiration.
  8. Shabbat is a "sign." What does it signify?
    31:13 – It is a sign between G-d and the Jewish People that He has chosen them and a sign to the nations of the world that He has sanctified the Jewish People.
  9. When did the Jewish People begin to give contributions for the building of the Mishkan?
    31:18 – The 11th of Tishrei.
  10. How many books are there in Tanach?
    31:18 – 24.
  11. From where did the men take the earrings that they donated to make the calf?
    32:2,3 – From their ears.
  12. Why did Aharon build the altar for the golden calf by himself?
    32:5 – He hoped that by building it by himself it would take longer and in the interim Moshe would return.
  13. Why did Moshe break the Tablets?
    32:19 – Moshe reasoned: If the Torah forbids those who have estranged themselves from the Torah to partake in even a single commandment (Pesach sacrifice), surely the entire Torah cannot be given to a whole nation which has estranged itself from G-d!
  14. How can two brothers belong to two different tribes?
    32:27 – Half-brothers, sharing the same mother.
  15. Why did Moshe ask that his name be erased from the Torah?
    32:32 – So people shouldn’t say "Moshe was unworthy to plead for mercy on behalf of the Jewish people."
  16. How has the sin of the golden calf affected the Jewish People throughout history?
    32:34 – Whenever G-d punishes the Jewish People, part of that punishment comes as payment for the sin of the golden calf.
  17. In verse 33:2, G-d says that the inhabitants of Eretz Canaan would be driven out of the Land. In that verse, only six of the seven Canaanite nations are mentioned. What happened to the seventh?
    33:2 – The seventh nation, the Girgashites, voluntarily emigrated.
  18. How did G-d show that He forgave the Jewish People?
    33:14 – He agreed to let His Shechina dwell among them.
  19. How did Moshe become wealthy?
    34:1 – Moshe carved the Tablets out of precious stone. G-d commanded Moshe to keep the leftover fragments.
  20. How do the light rays shining from Moshe’s face show us the powerful effect of sin?
    34:35 – Before the sin of the golden calf, the people would not have been afraid to look at the light rays, but after the sin they were afraid.


Halachot from Maran Rabbi Ovadia Yosef Ztz’l

דין משלוח מנות ומתנות לאביונים

מצות משלוח מנות
נאמר במגילת אסתר (ט, כב): לַעֲשׂוֹת אוֹתָם יְמֵי מִשְׁתֶּה וְשִׂמְחָה וּ"מִשְׁלוֹחַ מָנוֹת" אִישׁ לְרֵעֵהוּ וּ"מַתָּנוֹת לָאֶבְיוֹנִים".

ובגמרא במסכת מגילה (דף ז). אמרו, משלוח "מנות" שתי מנות לאיש אחד. "ומתנות לאביונים", שתי מתנות לשני בני אדם. (כי מיעוט "מנות", שתים, מנה אחת ועוד מנה. ומיעוט "מתנות", שתים, מתנה ועוד מתנה אחת. וכן מיעוט "אביונים" שתים. שכן לא נאמר "משלוח מנה איש לרעהו ומתנה לאביון).

טעם המצוה
וטעם מצות משלוח מנות הוא, שכאשר אדם שולח לחברו תשורה ומנחה, הרי הוא מביע לו בזה את רגשי אהבתו אליו, ועל ידי כן נוטע גם בליבו אהבה אליו. ועוד, כי ישנם אנשים חסרי כל, אשר יבושו לפשוט ידם לקבל צדקה כדי לקיים סעודת פורים, וכאשר שולח להם דרך כבוד "משלוח מנות" לא יבושו ולא יכלמו, ויקיימו מצות סעודת פורים בשמחה ובחדוה.

ומכיון שטעם מצוה זו הוא כדי להרבות אהבה בין אדם לחבירו, ובין אשה לרעותה, לכן, השולח משלוח מנות ואין המקבל יודע ממי קבלם, אין הנותן מקיים בזה מצות משלוח מנות, שהרי מכיון שאינו יודע ממי קבלם, אין כאן חיבה וריעות.

ודבר זה הוא שונה ממצות צדקה שאנו רגילים בה בכל ימות השנה. שהרי במצות צדקה, מצוה מן המובחר שלא יהיה המקבל יודע ממי קיבל, וגם שלא יהיה הנותן יודע למי הוא נותן, מה שאין כן לגבי מצות משלוח מנות, שחובה היא שידע המקבל ממי קבל, בכדי שתכנס בלבו אהבה לחבירו.

הגדרת "שתי מנות"
ופירוש הדבר "שתי מנות" היינו שני מאכלים שונים, או מאכל ומשקה, כגון עוגה ובקבוק יין. והמנהג כיום לשלוח מיני מתיקה למשלוח מנות. ויוצאים בזה ידי חובה. וכמבואר גם הנשים חייבות לשלוח לחברותיהן משלוח מנות .

ומכיון שעיקר טעמה של מצות משלוח מנות, הוא בכדי שיהיה לכל אדם מה לאכול בסעודת הפורים, לכן השולח לחבירו מתנות שונות בתורת משלוח מנות, וכגון ששולח לו בגדים או סדינים וכיוצא בזה, אינו יוצא ידי חובת משלוח מנות. ואפילו אם שולח לחבירו מעות (כסף) בכדי שיוכל חבירו לקנות מנות של מאכלים, אינו יוצא ידי חובתו, שצריך לשלוח דוקא מנות של מאכל ומשקה. ולכן גם השולח לחבירו טבק להרחה או סיגריות, אינו יוצא ידי חובת משלוח מנות.

משלוח מנות לאבל
אף על פי שאסור לשלוח מתנה לאבל בתוך שלשים יום לפטירת קרובו, או בתוך שנה לפטירת אביו או אמו, מכל מקום מותר לשלוח מנות לאבל ביום הפורים. אולם כתב מרן הרב זצ"ל, שלא ישלחו לו מיני מתיקה ומנות של תפנוקים, אלא דברי מאכל, כגון בשר ודגים וכדומה ופירות וירקות וכדומה. וכן האבל עצמו, שהוא חייב לשלוח מנות לרעהו, טוב שישלח מנות של בשר ודגים וכדומה, ולא של מיני מתיקה.

The Laws of Mishloach Manot

The Mitzvah of Mishloach Manot
The verse in the Megillat Esther (9, 22) states: “In order to mark them as days of feasting and merriment and sending portions (Mishloach Manot) to one another as well as giving gifts to the poor (Matanot La’Evyonim).” The Gemara in Megilla (7a) says that Mishloach “Manot” refers to sending two food portions to one person while “Matanot La’Evyonim” refers to giving two gifts to two people; i.e. one gift per person. (This is because “Manot” is at least two portions, “Matanot” is at least two gifts, and “Evyonim” is at least two poor people. The verse does not say, “Sending a portion to one another as well as giving gifts to a pauper”).

The Reason for This Mitzvah
The underlying reason for this Mitzvah is that when one sends his friend a gift, he expresses his feelings of fondness for him and by doing so he plants feelings of camaraderie in his friend’s heart for himself as well. Additionally, there are those who truly lack financial means and they may be ashamed to ask for assistance for the necessities of the Purim feast; thus, when one sends his friend this “Mishloach Manot” in a respectable fashion, he will not be ashamed to accept it at all, and he will thus be able to partake of the Purim feast amid much joy and happiness.

Since the fundamental reason for this Mitzvah is to create friendship between man and his fellow, if one sends Mishloach Manot to his friend and the recipient does not know who the sender is, the sender has not fulfilled his obligation, for being that the recipient does not know who he received this gift from, there is subsequently no friendly bond formed.

This Mitzvah is different from the Mitzvah of Tzedakah (charity) given during the rest of the year, for regarding Tzedakah, it is most preferable that the recipient not know who the donor is and the donor not know who the recipient is. However, regarding Mishloach Manot, the recipient must know who has sent him this gift, for only in this way will feelings of friendship enter the recipient’s heart.

The Definition of “Two Portions”
The definition of “two portions” is two different food items or a food item and a beverage, such as cake and a bottle of wine. It is customary nowadays to send different kinds of sweets and one will satisfactorily fulfill his obligation in this way. Women must also send Mishloach Manot to their friends.

Since one of the predominant reasons for Mishloach Manot is for people to have food to eat for the Purim feast, if one sends his friend such gifts as clothing or blankets as Mishloach Manot, he has not fulfilled his obligation. Even if one sends his friend a monetary gift such that he will be able to purchase food with it, he has still not fulfilled his obligation, for one can only do so by sending food items or beverages. Thus, one who sends his friend snuff or cigarettes as Mishloach Manot has not fulfilled his obligation.

Mishloach Manot to/from a Mourner
Although one may not send a present to a mourner during the thirty days of mourning or to one mourning the loss of a father or mother during the twelve months of mourning, nevertheless, one may send them Mishloach Manot on Purim. However, Maran Rabbeinu zt”l writes that one should not send a mourner different kinds of sweets or junk food; rather one should send actual food items such as meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, and the like. Similarly, the mourner himself, who is also obligated to send Mishloach Manot, should also preferably send meat, fish, and the like rather that assorted sweets.

מתנות לאביונים

בהלכה הקודמת, ביארנו באופן כללי את חיוב מצות "מתנות לאביונים" ביום פורים. כלומר, לתת שתי מתנות לשני אביונים.

מה צריך לתת?
ומצות מתנות לאביונים, אינה דוקא במתנות ממש, אלא רשאי לתת לאביונים מעות (כסף) כדי שיוכלו לקנות ממנו צרכי סעודת פורים.

כמה צריך לתת?
ירא שמים יתן מתנות לאביונים בעין יפה ובסבר פנים יפות, והנה שכרו ופעולתו לפניו. וכמה הוא חיוב מתנות לאביונים?, הנה מעיקר הדין אין קצבה במעות פורים, כי מן הדין די בנתינת פרוטה, שהוא סכום הקטן שיש בכל מקום (וכגון בארץ ישראל מטבע של חצי שקל וכדומה), ומכל מקום כאמור, עדיף להרבות במתנות לאביונים, מלהרבות בסעודת פורים ובמשלוח מנות. ועל כל פנים נכון שלא יפחות מסכום שיוכל האביון לעשות ממנו סעודת פורים.

החילוק בין משלוח מנות למתנות לאביונים
בהלכה הקודמת ביארנו, שיש לתת את המשלוח מנות, באופן שהמקבל ידע ממי קיבלת את המעות, והנותן ידע למי נותן. וזאת משום שטעם המצוה של משלוח מנות, הוא בכדי להרבות אהבה ואחוה בין בני אדם. אולם לענין מתנות לאביונים אין הדין כן, אלא רשאי לתת את המתנות באופן שהאביון לא ידע ממי קיבל, וכן הנותן לא ידע למי נותן.

וכן במשלוח מנות, יש לתת מנות ממש, כלומר, דברי מאכל ומשקה, מה שאין כן במתנות לאביונים, שיכול לתת לאביונים מעות, שיוכל לקנות מהם את צרכי הסעודה.

חשיבות מתנות לאביונים
וכתב הרמב"ם (הלכות מגילה פרק ב), חייב אדם לשלוח לחברו שתי מנות בשר, או שני מיני תבשיל, או שני מיני אוכלים (מאכלים), שנאמר: ומשלוח מנות איש לרעהו, שתי מנות לאיש אחד, וכל המרבה לשלוח לרעים הרי זה משובח. וחייב לחלק לעניים מעות או מיני אכלים ביום הפורים, לא פחות משני עניים, שנותן לכל אחד מתנה אחת, שנאמר: ומתנות לאביונים. ומוטב לאדם להרבות במתנות לאביונים יותר מלהרבות בסעודתו ובמשלוח מנות לחברים, שאין שמחה גדולה מפוארה יותר מלשמח לב עניים ויתומים ואלמנות וגרים, שהמשמח לב האומללים הללו, הרי הוא דומה לשכינה, שנאמר: "להחיות רוח שפלים ולהחיות נפש נדכאים".

נתינה לגבאי צדקה
הנותן מעות לגבאי צדקה, שהוא מחלקם לעניים בו ביום, יוצא ידי חובת מתנות לאביונים, ששלוחו של אדם כמותו. וכן נוהגים רבים כיום, שהם נותנים לגבאי נאמן את כספי המתנות לאביונים, והוא שלוחם לתת את כספי המתנות לעניים ביום הפורים. ועדיף לנהוג כן ממה שיתן בעצמו את המעות, לאביונים כאלה אשר אינו יכול לדעת בודאות אם הם ראויים למתנות אלו.

וכבר הזהרנו בעבר על הצורך לשים לב שגבאי הצדקה הם אנשים יראי שמים, ולא לסמוך בעיניים עצומות על ועדי הצדקה למיניהם.

Matanot La’Evyonim

In the previous Halacha we briefly discussed the Mitzvah of “Matanot La’Evyonim” on Purim day which is the distribution of two monetary gifts, one to each pauper.

What Must One Give?
In order to fulfill this Mitzvah, one need not give actual gifts; rather, it is permissible to donate money to the needy so that they will have the means to purchase food for the Purim feast.

How Much Must One Donate?
One who fears Heaven should distribute Matanot La’Evyonim generously and with good cheer and his reward will be great indeed. How much must a person give as Matanot La’Evyonim? Although the letter of the law dictates that there is no set amount for this gift and one fulfills his obligation by giving even a few cents per pauper, nevertheless, it is preferable to spend more on Matanot La’Evyonim then on the Purim feast or Mishloach Manot. One should preferably give enough so that the pauper will be able to make use of the sum for the Purim feast.

The Difference Between Mishloach Manot and Matanot La’Evyonim
In the previous Halacha we have explained that Mishloach Manot must be sent in a way where the recipient knows who the sender is and the sender knows who the recipient of his gifts is. This is because the primary reason behind Mishloach Manot is in order to increase camaraderie among people. Regarding Matanot La’Evyonim, on the other hand, it is indeed permissible to send these gifts to the poor anonymously such that the donor and recipient do not know who each other are.

Similarly, whereas regarding Mishloach Manot one must send actual food gifts (or beverages), regarding Matanot La’Evyonim this is not the case and one may donate money instead.

The Importance of Matanot La’Evyonim
The Rambam (Chapter 2 of Hilchot Megillah) writes: “One must send his friend two portions of meat or two cooked foods or two food items, as the verse states, ‘And sending portions to one another,’ which means two potions to one person. The more friends one sends to, the more praiseworthy he is. One must also distribute monetary gifts or food items to the poor on Purim day, no less than one gift to two poor people, as the verse states, ‘And gifts to the poor’. It is more important for one to distribute more gifts to the poor than to spend a large amount on one’s feast or send gifts to many friends, for there is no greater and more splendid happiness than to gladden the hearts of the poor, orphans, widows, and converts; one who gladdens these downtrodden souls is comparable to the holy presence of Hashem Himself, as the verse states, ‘To revive the spirit of the downtrodden and to revive the soul of the oppressed.’”

Giving this Money To Charity Treasures
One who gives money to a charity treasurer who will subsequently distribute this sum to the needy on Purim day on the donor’s behalf has fulfilled his obligation, since “one’s messenger is like himself.” This is the prevalent custom today as many people give their Matanot La’Evyonim to trustworthy treasurers and they in turn distribute the money on the donors’ behalf on Purim day. It is actually proper to fulfill the Mitzvah in this way rather than to give the money to such people whom one cannot ascertain whether or not they are genuinely needy.

Care should nevertheless be taken to donate this money to charity treasurers or organizations run by people who are known to be of impeccable honesty and integrity as opposed to relying on just any Tzedakah organization with closed eyes.


During the week

Shiurim in our Bet Hakeneset

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