Newsletter ~ Parashat Noach

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Mazal Tov


Mr & Mrs M Calder

on the safe arrival 

of their new baby grandson

Sheyizke Laberit bizmana

LaTorah lacgupa Ulemaasim tovim




This Friday 

3 Mar Cheshvan

is the Nachala of 

Maran Hagaon Rabbi Ovadia Yosef Ztz'l


Winter Timetable Attached



Shabbat Times

לוח זמני תפלה לחורף תשע"ט

Winter Timetable 5779 – 2018 / 19


מוצאי שבת

ערבית )מוצ"ש(


מנחה שבת

סוף זמן קריאת שמע

הדלקת נרות

מנחה וקבלת שבת


שבת פרשת






Shema before

Candle Lighting

Minha & Kabbalat Shabbat



















12/13 Oct



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Q & A on Parashat Noach

 All references are to the verses and Rashi's commentary, unless otherwise stated.

  1. Which particular sin sealed the fate of the flood generation?
    6:13 – Robbery.
  2. Why did Hashem tell Noach to build an ark, as opposed to saving him via some other method?
    6:14 – So that people would see Noach building the ark and ask him what he was doing. When Noach would answer, "Hashem is bringing a flood," it might encourage some people to repent.
  3. The ark had three levels. What function did each level serve?
    6:16 – The top level housed the people, the middle level housed the animals, and the bottom level, the refuse.
  4. What indication do we have that Noach was familiar with the Torah?
    7:2 – Hashem told him to take into the ark seven of each kosher-type animal, and two of each non-kosher type. "Kosher" and "non-kosher" are Torah concepts.
  5. Why did Hashem postpone bringing the flood for seven days?
    7:4 – To allow seven days to mourn the death of Metushelach.
  6. Why did the first water of the flood come down as light rain?
    7:12 – To give the generation a chance to repent.
  7. What did people say that threatened Noach, and what did Hashem do to protect him?
    7:13,15 – People said, "If we see him going into the ark, we'll smash it!" Hashem surrounded it with bears and lions to kill any attackers.
  8. What grouping of creatures escaped the punishment of the flood?
    7:22 – The fish.
  9. How deeply was the ark submerged in the water?
    8:4 – Eleven amot.
  10. What did the olive branch symbolize?
    8:11 – Nothing. It was a leaf, not a branch. (The olive leaf symbolized that its better to eat food "bitter like an olive" but which comes directly from Hashem, rather than sweet food provided by humans.)
  11. How long did the punishment of the flood last?
    8:14 – A full solar year.
  12. A solar year is how many days longer than a lunar year?
    8:14 – Eleven days.
  13. When did humans receive permission to eat meat?
    9:3 – After the flood.
  14. What prohibition was given along with the permission to eat meat?
    9:4 – The prohibition of eating a limb cut from a living animal.
  15. Why does the command to "be fruitful and multiply" directly follow the prohibition of murder?
    9:7 – To equate one who purposely abstains from having children to one who commits murder.
  16. Name two generations in which the rainbow never appeared.
    9:12 – The generation of King Chizkiyahu and the generation of Shimon bar Yochai.
  17. Why did Noach curse Canaan specifically? Give two reasons.
    9:22,24 – Because Canaan is the one who revealed Noachs disgrace to Cham. And because Cham stopped Noach from fathering a fourth son. Thus, Noach cursed Cham's fourth son, Canaan.
  18. Why does the Torah call Nimrod a mighty hunter?
    10:9 – He used words to ensnare the minds of people, persuading them to rebel against Hashem.
  19. The sin of the generation of the dispersion was greater than the sin of the generation of the flood. Why was the punishment of the former less severe?
    11:9 – They lived together peacefully.
  20. Why was Sarah also called Yiscah?
    11:29 – The word "Yiscah" is related to the Hebrew word "to see." Sarah was called Yiscah because she could "see" the future via prophecy. Also, because of her beauty, everyone would gaze at her.


Halachot from Maran Rabbi Ovadia Yosef Ztz'l

דין הזכרת משיב הרוח

מתחילין לומר "משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם" בתפילת מוסף של שמחת תורה, והזכרה זו אינה שאלה ובקשה על הגשם, אלא היא שבח להשם יתברך, ולכן הזכרה זו נקראת "גבורות גשמים", אבל שאלת טל ומטר שבברכת השנים, היא בקשה מהשם יתברך על הגשם, וישנם כמה הבדלים בהלכה בין הזכרת גבורות גשמים שבברכת "אתה גבור", לבין שאלת טל ומטר שבברכת השנים, והשינוי הראשון הוא, שמזכירין גבורות גשמים כבר מתפילת מוסף של שמחת תורה, ואילו שאלת גשמים אינה אלא מליל שבעה במרחשון כפי שיתבאר בהלכות הבאות.

ואמרו בגמרא (ברכות לג.) שמזכירין גבורות גשמים בברכת "אתה גבור" משום שהיא ברכה על תחיית המתים, ומתוך שירידת גשמים שקולה כנגד תחיית המתים לפיכך קבעוה בתחיית המתים. ושאלת גשמים קבעו בברכת השנים משום שברכת השנים היא ברכה על פרנסה, וירידת גשמים גם היא ענין פרנסה לעולם.

מנהג הספרדים וחלק מעדות האשכנזים, שבימות הקיץ אומרים בברכת "אתה גבור" "מוריד הטל", ולמנהג זה אם שכח לומר משיב הרוח ואמר מוריד הטל וכבר סיים ברכת מחיה המתים, אינו חוזר. אבל אם לא הזכיר משיב הרוח וגם לא הזכיר מוריד הטל (כמנהג חלק מעדות האשכנזים בימות הקיץ), אם לא התחיל עדיין ברכת "אתה קדוש" יאמר "משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם" בין ברכת מחיה המתים לברכת האל הקדוש וימשיך תפילתו, ואם התחיל כבר ברכת "האל הקדוש" אין לו תקנה ויחזור לראש התפילה

The Laws of Mentioning “Mashiv Ha’Ruach”

We begin reciting “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” in the Mussaf prayer of Simchat Torah (outside of Israel from Shemini Atzeret). This recitation does not constitute a request or plea for rain; rather, it is merely meant as praise to Hashem and is therefore dubbed, “Powers of Rain.” The actual request for dew and rain can be found in the ninth blessing of the Amidah prayer referred to as the “Blessing of the Years” (Barech Aleinu). There are several halachic differences between mentioning the “Powers of Rain” in the second blessing of the Amidah prayer entitled, “Ata Gibor,” and the actual request for dew and rain in the ninth blessing. Firstly, whereas we begin mentioning the “Powers of Rain” from Mussaf of Shemini Atzeret, we do not actually request dew and rain until the night of the Seventh of Marcheshvan (outside of Israel from the night of the Fifth of December), as we shall discuss in following Halachot.

The Gemara (Berachot 33a) states that we mention the “Powers of Rain” in the “Ata Gibor” blessing for this blessing deals with the Resurrection of the Dead and since rainfall is tantamount to The Resurrection, our Sages thus established this sentence to be mentioned in the blessing dealing with The Resurrection. Our Sages established the actual request for rain in the “Blessing of the Years,” for this is a blessing regarding one’s livelihood, and rainfall is a matter of sustenance for the entire world.

The Sephardic custom, which is followed by some Ashkenazi communities as well, is to recite “Morid Ha’Tal” in the “Ata Gibor” blessing during the summer months. Accordingly, if one forgets to recite “Mashiv Ha’Ruach” and instead recites “Morid Ha’Tal” and he has already concluded the “Mechayeh Ha’Metim” blessing, he would not go back. However, if one mentioned neither “Mashiv Ha’Ruach” or “Morid Ha’Tal” (which is indeed customary among several Ashkenazi communities during the summer months), if one has not yet begun the “Ata Kadosh” blessing, one should recite “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” between the “Mechayeh Ha’Metim” and “Ata Kadosh” blessings and then just continue his prayer as usual. If, however, one has already begun the “Ata Kadosh” blessing and only then realizes his mistake, he must begin his Amidah prayer anew 


Shabbat Shalom

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