Newsletter Parashat Behaalotecha

  Avot Ubanim
Summer Term
in the comfort of your own home, 
you choose the times (and the nash)! 
3 lucky winners a week 
1st prize £5.00 + 2 prizes!!  
to enter the raffle learn for 30 minutes with each child 
between Erev Shabbat and Motsae Shabbat. 
Then text names of children to 
raffle on Monday TBA.  
Best wishes & for more information
R' David Shasha and Rafi Marshall.   


 YOUTH minyan for Shachrit EVERY DAY
All welcome 
Please say Korbanot on your own. 
Hodu at 8:20am
Meeting ID: 305 561 402 Password: 18
Daily Shiur 
  Topic: Rabbi Stamler's Moor Lane Daily Shiur

Time: This is a recurring meeting Meet 8-8.05 pm

Learning 1 Halacha and 1 mmshna

Meeting ID: 743 6266 1737


The Sephardi Heritage Project

Meeting – Sunday 14th June 2020
Livorno, in northern Italy, was a major centre of the Sephardic world. This week Alain Nedjar will discuss a new book he has co-authored on the community's marriage registers. We believe this book to be an instant classic. It fills a important gap in the literature. It sets a new standard in Jewish genealogical research and is a beautifully produced book. We encourage everyone to obtain a copy. 

 "Ketubbot registers of the Jewish Nation of Livorno" (1626-1890) is available through the website of the Cercle de Généalogie Juive.

Topic: Livorno Sephardic Marriage Registers
Time: Jun 14, 2020 07:00 PM London
(Please note that London summer time is GMT +1)

Zoom Meeting
Meeting ID: 844 3425 6861

Best wishes,

Ton Tielen and David Mendoza
Sephardic World


לוח זמני תפלה לקיץ תש"פ

Summer Timetable 5780 – 2020

מוצאי שבת



סוף זמן קראת שמע

זמן שבת

פלג מנחה (תה״ד)

פלג מנחה (לבוש)

מנחה וקבלת שבת


שבת פרשת




to be read before

to be
lit by


Candle lighting

& Kabbalat Shabbat



















12/13 June


For those not in the Bet Hakeneset, but wishing to bring in Shabbat with the Kahal, candles should be lit about 30 minutes after the time listed for Minha and Kabbalat Shabbat. (Unless the time listed in the ‘latest candle lighting’ column is earlier, when candles should be lit by that time, in all cases.  


Q & A on Parashat Behaalotecha

All references are to the verses and Rashi's commentary, unless otherwise stated

  1. Toward which direction did the wicks of the Menorah burn, and why?
    8:2 – They leaned toward the middle wick so people wouldn't say that the Menorah was lit for its light.
  2. From what material and in what manner was the Menorah made?
    8:4 – It was made from one solid piece of hammered gold.
  3. Moshe was commanded to cleanse the levi'im by sprinkling on them "mei chatat." What is "mei chatat"?
    8:7 – Water containing ashes of the para aduma.
  4. Which three "t'nufot" (wavings) are in the parsha?
    8:11 – The wavings of Kehat, Gershon and Merari.
  5. Why did G-d claim the first-born of the Jewish People as His possession?
    8:17 – Because in Egypt He spared them during makat bechorot.
  6. Why are the words "Bnei Yisrael" repeated five times in verse 8:19?
    8:19 – To show G-d's love for them.
  7. When a levi reaches age 50, which functions may he still perform?
    8:25 – Closing the courtyard gates of the Mishkan and Beit Hamikdash; singing during the avoda; loading the wagons to transport the Mishkan.
  8. Why was the mitzvah of Pesach Sheini not commanded directly to Moshe?
    9:7 – The people who asked about it were rewarded by being the catalyst for the teaching of this mitzvah.
  9. What similarity is there between the Menorah and the trumpets?
    8:4, 10:2 – They were each made from a single, solid block.
  10. What three purposes did trumpet signals serve?
    10:2-7 – Announcement of the gathering of Bnei Yisrael, the gathering of the nesi'im, and the beginning of a move of the encampment.
  11. How many tribes marched between the Gershon-Merari detachment and that of Kehat? How was the time differential used?
    10:17-21 – Three: Reuven, Shimon and Gad. In the meantime Gershon and Merari set up the Mishkan.
  12. The tribe of Dan, who traveled last, was called "the gatherer of all the camps." What did they gather?
    10:25 – They gathered and returned things lost by the other tribes.
  13. When the Jewish People entered the Land, who took temporary possession of Jericho?
    10:32 – The children of Yitro.
  14. Which aron is referred to in verse 10:33?
    10:33 – The aron which held the broken pieces of the first tablets, that was taken to the battlefront.
  15. Which two topics are out of chronological order in the parsha?
    9:1, 10:35,36 – The Pesach sacrifice, and the traveling of the aron.
  16. Which tastes did the manna not offer, and why not?
    11:5 – Cucumbers, melons, leeks, onion and garlic – these are harmful to nursing women.
  17. Moshe was commanded to choose 70 elders to help him lead the Jewish People. What happened to the elders who led the Jewish People in Egypt?
    11:16 – They were consumed in the fire at Taverah (11:3).
  18. Whom did Moshe choose as elders?
    11:16 – People who were supervisors in Egypt and had pity on Bnei Yisrael at risk to themselves.
  19. What was the prophecy of Eldad and Medad?
    11:28 – "Moshe will die and Yehoshua will lead the Jewish People into the Land."
  20. Why did Miriam merit to have the people wait for her?
    12:15 – Because she waited for Moshe when he was cast into the river.


Halachot from Maran Rabbi Ovadia Yosef Ztz'l    

שאלה: האם מותר למלאת מים בתבנית ולהכניסם למקפיא בשבת לעשותם קרח?

תשובה: בגמרא במסכת שבת (צה.) אמרו, מגבן (פירוש, עושה גבינה) חייב משום בונה, דהיינו המקבץ פתיתי חלב ביחד לעשות מהם גבינה בשבת חייב, משום שיש בזה איסור משום מלאכת "בונה". ומכאן יש שכתבו ללמוד שיש איסור להכין קרח בשבת, משום שעושה מהמים גוש, והרי זה אסור משום בונה.

אולם מרן הרב עובדיה יוסף זצ"ל כתב, שאין להוכיח כן מהסוגיא במסכת שבת, משום שהמגבן הוא מקבץ במו ידיו חלקים רבים והופכם לגוף אחד על ידי נתינתם בכלי עגול או מרובע כפי רצונו, והרי זה דומה לבונה שמקבץ עפר ואבנים ועושה מהם בנין אחד, וכמו שהסביר הרמב"ם (בפ"ז מהלכות שבת הלכה ו) "שכל המקבץ חלק אל חלק ודיבק (והדביק) הכל עד שיעשו לגוף אחד, הרי זה דומה לבנין". אבל הנותן מים או מיץ במקום קר מאוד ועל ידי כך הם קופאים מעצמם אינו דומה כלל לבונה, שהרי הוא אינו עושה דבר במו ידיו.

ועוד הוסיף מרן הרב עובדיה יוסף זצ"ל טעם להקל בהכנת קרח בשבת, שהרי בנין הקרח אינו דבר המתקיים, שהרי בהוצאתו מהמקפיא מייד הוא נמס, מה שאין כן הגבינה שעומדת בפני עצמה לימים רבים, ואדרבא, כל זמן שהיא עומדת היא מתקשה יותר (כפי שאכן אנו רואים בבירור בגבינות קשות וחצי קשות) והולכת ומתקשה כאבן והרי זה דומה באמת לבנין שעומד על תילו לימים רבים.

ולכן לענין הלכה, מותר להכניס ביום שבת מים או כל משקה אחר למקפיא כדי להפוך אותו לקרח, ובפרט בימי הקיץ החמים שיש בזה משום עונג שבת. וכן העלה להקל הגאון רבי אליעזר יהודה ולדנברג זצ"ל בשו"ת ציץ אליעזר (חלק ו' סימן לד) והגאון רבי שמואל הלוי ואזנר זצ"ל בשו"ת שבט הלוי (ח"א סימן קיט).

Question: May one fill up an ice tray with water and place it in the freezer in order to make ice cubes on Shabbat?

Answer: The Gemara (Shabbat 95a) states that one who makes cheese on Shabbat by clumping together milk flakes has transgressed the Torah prohibition of building on Shabbat. Some deduce from this Gemara that it is forbidden to make ice on Shabbat, for one is turning water into a solid form and this constitutes the forbidden work of building on Shabbat.

Nevertheless, Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l writes that the aforementioned Gemara does not apply here, for one who makes cheese must collect many pieces of milk with his hands and then turns them into one block by placing them into a single round or square vessel which is indeed similar to building whereby one collects dirt, sand, and wood and creates a single building out of them. Indeed, the Rambam (Chapter 7 of Hilchot Shabbat, Halacha 6) states: “One who collects many different articles and sticks them together until they are one form, this is similar to building.” However, if one places water or juice in a cold place such that they freeze on their own, this is in no way similar to building, for one is not doing any action with his hands.

Another reason Maran zt”l adds for leniency regarding making ice cubes on Shabbat is that the “building” of ice is not something that is long-lasting, for as soon as it is removed from the freezer, it will immediately begin melting as opposed to cheese which can last on its own for a long time. Indeed, the longer it stands, the harder it becomes (as we can see with regards to hard and semi-hard cheeses) until it actually becomes as hard as a rock; this occurrence is certainly comparable to a building which is made to last for a long time.

Thus, halachically speaking, one may place water or any other beverage in the freezer in order to turn it into ice on Shabbat. This is especially true during the summer during which this constitutes enjoyment of Shabbat as well. Hagaon Harav Eliezer Yehuda Waldenberg zt”l (Responsa Tzitz Eliezer, Volume 6, Chapter 34) and Hagaon Harav Shmuel Ha’Levi Wosner zt”l (Responsa Shevet Ha’Levi, Volume 1, Chapter 119) rule likewise.

Shabbat Shalom

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