Newsletter Shabbat Bereshit – Shabbat Mevarechim


Wishing all our members 



5781 ~ 2020 / 21timetable 
attached to this email


This Shabbat is 

1) Shabbat Bereshit

2) Shabbat Mevarechim Chodesh Mar Cheshvan

3) Haftara of Machar Chodesh






Why not have a look at our sister website
Big Thank you to Jack Hodari for setting up the website
To our dear friends
Yamin & Shuli Ibgui
on celebrating the wedding of their son
Abi Smith
שיזכו לבנות בית נאמן בישראל
Mazel Tov to families Smith & Ibgui
Special Mazal Tov
Dr & Mrs Marshall
Family Marshall


Sephardic World

Meeting on Sunday 18th October 2020

Luca Ascoli shares his knowledge on researching Jewish families in Italy, including sources often unknown to researchers outside Italy.

There were several Jewish communities in Italy, including those with ancient roots such as Rome, Portuguese Jews in Livorno and mixed communities in Venice and elsewhere. Italian Jews spread around the world, including families such as Montefiore and Disraeli to London. There were significant Italian Jewish communities around the Mediterranean, including in Tunis and Alexandria.

If you are researching an Italian Jewish family and need some help locating their origins, please let us know the details by Friday. Luca may be able to advise. Priority will be given to patrons of this channel.

Topic: The Jews of Italy: Sunday October 18, 2020 07:00 PM London (This is 7.00pm British summer time, GMT +1; which is 2.00pm in New York and 9:00pm in Jerusalem)

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Best wishes,
Ton Tielen and Davi  


לוח זמני תפלה לחורף

Winter Timetable 5781 – 2020/21

מוצאי שבת



מנחה שבת

סוף זמן קריאת שמע

הדלקת נרות

מנחה וקבלת שבת


שבת פרשת






Shema before

Candle Lighting

Minha & Kabbalat Shabbat



















16/17 Oct

בראשית (מחר חודש)


Q & A on Parashat Bereshit
    1. Question: Why does the Torah start with the account of Creation?
      Answer: 1:1 – So that when the nations accuse us of stealing Eretz Canaan from the Canaanites, we can respond that Hashem, as Creator, has the right to give the land to whomever He sees fit, and He gave Eretz Canaan to us.


    1. Question: What happened to the light that was created on the first day?
      Answer: 1:4 – Hashem saw that the wicked would be unworthy of it so He hid it for the righteous.


    1. Question: Why isn’t the word “good” associated with the second day?
      Answer: 1:7 – Because the work with the water wasn’t completed until the third day. Anything that is incomplete is not “good.”


    1. Question: How were the trees supposed to taste?
      Answer: 1:11 – The wood was to have the taste of the fruit.


    1. Question: On which day were the sun and moon created?
      Answer: 1:14 – They were created on the first day and suspended in the firmament on the fourth day.


    1. Question: Hashem blessed the birds to be fruitful and to multiply. Why did He not do so with the beasts?
      Answer: 1:22 – He did not want the serpent, who was to be cursed, to receive a blessing.


    1. Question: In whose likeness was man fashioned?
      Answer: 1:26 – In the likeness of the angels.


    1. Question: What kind of food did Adam eat?
      Answer: 1:30 – Vegetation.


    1. Question: Why is “the sixth day” written with the definite article?
      Answer: 1:31 “The” in Hebrew is the letter hey, which has a numerical value of five. Hashem created the world on the condition that it will endure only if the Jewish People accept the Five Books of the Torah.


    1. Question: At the end of the sixth day what was the world still lacking?
      Answer: 2:2 – Rest.


    1. Question: Why was man made from dust gathered from the entire earth?
      Answer: 2:7 – So that wherever he might die, the earth would receive his body.


    1. Question: How is man superior to the animals?
      Answer: 2:7 – He was given understanding and speech.


    1. Question: Why was it not good that man be alone?
      Answer: 2:18 – If he were alone, he would appear to be a god. The creation of woman emphasized man’s dependence.


    1. Question: Where do we learn that one must not add to a commandment from Hashem?
      Answer: 3:3 – From Chava. Hashem commanded not to eat from the tree but she added not to touch it. Because she added to the command she eventually came to transgress it.


    1. Question: What does it mean that Adam and Chava “knew that they were naked”?
      Answer: 3:7 – They had been given one commandment and they had stripped themselves of it.


    1. Question: Why did Hevel choose to be a shepherd?
      Answer: 4:2 – Since the ground had been cursed he refrained from cultivating it.


    1. Question: What was the marital practice of the generation who lived before the flood?
      Answer: 4:19 – They married two wives, one with whom to have children. The other one was given a potion which prevented her from bearing children.


    1. Question: What did Tuval-Cain invent?
      Answer: 4:22 – Murder weapons.


    1. Question: Why did Chanoch die at a young age?
      Answer: 5:22 – Though he was righteous, he was easily influenced; therefore Hashem took him before his time to protect him from sinning.


    1. Question: What was the sign that Shem was born with great propensity for righteousness?
      Answer: 5:32 – He was born already circumcised.


All references are to the verses and Rashi’s commentary, unless otherwise stated.


Halachot from Maran Rabbi Ovadia Yosef Ztz’l

דין הזכרת משיב הרוח


מתחילין לומר “משיב הרוח”


“משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם”, הוא שבח להשם יתברך, שאנו אומרים אותו בימות החורף, בתפלת העמידה, בברכת “מחיה המתים”. וכפי שמופיע בכל הסידורים.


מתחילין לומר “משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם” החל מתפילת מוסף של חג שמחת תורה, והזכרה זו, אינה שאלה ובקשה על הגשם, אלא היא שבח להשם יתברך, ולכן הזכרה זו נקראת “גבורות גשמים”, שמדברת מענין גבורותיו של השם יתברך בעולמו.

אבל שאלת “טל ומטר” שבברכת השנים, (כלומר, בברכת ברך עלינו, או ברכנו, שאומרים “ותן טל ומטר לברכה”), היא בקשה מהשם יתברך על הגשם. וישנם כמה הבדלים בהלכה, בין הזכרת גבורות גשמים שבברכת “אתה גבור”, לבין שאלת טל ומטר שבברכת השנים, והשינוי הראשון הוא, שמזכירין גבורות גשמים, כבר מתפילת מוסף של שמחת תורה, ואילו שאלת גשמים, אינה אלא מליל שבעה במרחשון.

מדוע מזכירים משיב הרוח בברכת מחיה המתים?


אמרו בגמרא (ברכות לג.), שמזכירין גבורות גשמים (“משיב הרוח”) בברכת “אתה גבור”, שהיא ברכת “מחיה המתים”, משום שהיא ברכה על תחיית המתים, ומתוך שירידת גשמים שקולה כנגד תחיית המתים, לפיכך קבעוה בתחיית המתים. ושאלת גשמים (“ותן טל ומטר לברכה”), קבעו בברכת השנים, משום שברכת השנים היא ברכה על פרנסה, וירידת גשמים גם היא ענין פרנסה לעולם.


מי ששכח להזכיר “משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם”


מי ששכח להזכיר משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם, ונזכר לאחר שסיים את ברכת “מחיה המתים”, יש לבאר, האם עליו לחזור לתחילת תפלת העמידה ולהתפלל שנית, או שהוא רשאי להמשיך בתפלתו. והנה הדין בזה הוא תלוי, שאם אמר “מוריד הטל” במקום “משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם (כפי מנהג הספרדים בימות הקיץ), אינו חוזר לראש התפלה. כיון שאמר “מוריד הטל”.


אבל אם לא הזכיר כלל, לא “מוריד הטל”, ולא “משיב הרוח”, (כפי מנהג חלק מעדות האשכנזים בימות הקיץ), ונזכר בטעותו מיד לאחר שסיים את ברכת “מחיה המתים”, עליו לומר מיד “משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם”, ואחר כך ימשיך בברכת “אתה קדוש”. ואם התחילה כבר בברכת “אתה קדוש”, ונזכר שלא אמר “משיב הרוח”, הרי אין לו תקנה, ועליו לחזור שוב לראש התפלה.


The Laws of Mentioning “Mashiv Ha’Ruach”


We Begin Reciting “Mashiv Ha’Ruach
Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” is a praise we recite to Hashem during the winter months within the “Mechayeh Ha’Metim” blessing of the Amidah as is printed in all Siddurim.

We begin reciting “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” in the Mussaf prayer of Simchat Torah (outside of Israel from Shemini Atzeret). This recitation does not constitute a request or plea for rain; rather, it is merely meant as praise to Hashem and is therefore dubbed, “Powers of Rain.” The actual request for dew and rain can be found in the ninth blessing of the Amidah prayer referred to as the “Blessing of the Years” (Barech Aleinu). There are several halachic differences between mentioning the “Powers of Rain” in the second blessing of the Amidah prayer entitled, “Ata Gibor,” and the actual request for dew and rain in the ninth blessing. Firstly, whereas we begin mentioning the “Powers of Rain” from Mussaf of Shemini Atzeret, we do not actually request dew and rain until the night of the Seventh of Marcheshvan (outside of Israel from the night of the Fifth of December), as we shall discuss in following Halachot.

Why is “Mashiv Ha’Ruach” Mentioned in the “Mechayeh Ha’Metim” Blessing?
The Gemara (Berachot 33a) states that we mention the “Powers of Rain” in the “Ata Gibor” blessing for this blessing deals with the Resurrection of the Dead and since rainfall is tantamount to The Resurrection, our Sages thus established this sentence to be mentioned in the blessing dealing with The Resurrection. Our Sages established the actual request for rain in the “Blessing of the Years,” for this is a blessing regarding one’s livelihood and rainfall is a matter of sustenance for the entire world.

One Who Forgets to Mention “Mashiv Ha’Ruach
If one forgets to recite “Mashiv Ha’Ruach” and becomes aware of his mistake only after concluding the “Mechayeh Ha’Metim” blessing, we must analyze whether one must return to the beginning of the Amidah prayer and begin it again or may one continue his prayer as usual. This law indeed depends on one important factor: If one inserted “Morid Ha’Tal” instead of “Mashiv Ha’Ruach” (as is the Sephardic custom during the summer months), one would not return to the beginning of the Amidah prayer since one has said “Morid Ha’Tal.” 

However, if one mentioned neither “Mashiv Ha’Ruach” nor “Morid Ha’Tal” (which is indeed customary among several Ashkenazi communities during the summer months), if one has not yet begun the “Ata Kadosh” blessing, one should recite “Mashiv Ha’Ruach U’Morid Ha’Geshem” between the “Mechayeh Ha’Metim” and “Ata Kadosh” blessings and then just continue his prayer as usual. If, however, one has already begun the “Ata Kadosh” blessing and only then realizes his mistake, one must begin his Amida prayer anew.