Newsletter Parashat Vayishlach



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Times for this week
*Thursday*: 6.55
Hodu: 7.05
Barechu: 7.15

*Friday*: 7.00
Hodu: 7.10
Barechu: 7.20

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Updates will appear on the WhatsApp group 
If anyone needs any help getting to or from the minyanim 
please contact one of the mahamad
  Avot Ubanim
Winter Season
in the comfort of your own home,
for more information about 
the ZOOM link
please contact
07815 885 245
Mazel Tov 
to the winners of last week's Raffles

Gavriel Sacks
Yishay Maman
David Shoshana 
Shlomo Lewis

Chazak Ubaruch to 
S Dozetas 
on the Devar Torah
Chanuka Art Competition
Moor Lane is getting crafty! 
Since we can’t gather together this year for our usual 
Chanukah arts and crafts in the hall, 
we are calling on the Moor Lane children and teens to create 
Chanukah pictures at home. 
We will provide the materials shortly before Chanukah 
and the kids can give their creativity free rein.

We will arrange a drop off box for the completed pictures. 
We will display the artwork in the synagogue for all of Moor Lane to enjoy. 
Hopefully, services will be reinstated by Chanukah, 
and the children will be able to see their handiwork in situ. 

If you have a child or children who are interested in taking part, 
please message Mrs Dina Shalom 07840043733 
with the number of children and whether they are key stage 1,2 or 3.
Wednesday 9th December
74631.jpg  image.png
Bar Mitzvah Invitation
8 / 12 / 2020
would like to use this opportunity 
to wish a big Mazal Tov
to our dear friends
Rabbi & Mrs. Yehonatan Salem
on the upcoming Bar Mitzvah 
of their son 
May Hashem shower His berachot on Yosef
to continue in Torah, Mitzvot Umaasim tovim

Special Mazal Tov
to our very dear
Mr & Mrs. Salem
on the Bar Mitzvah of their grandson
May Hashem send them good health
to join in future family semachot.
Sefardic World
My Heart is in the East…” Financial support for Eretz Israel from the farthest West

Support for the Jewish community in Terra Santa was one of the earliest obligations the Amsterdam and London Jewish communities took upon themselves. Over the course of centuries, they placed great value in fulfilling this charitable obligation . The money ensured that a large number of Jews and Jewish institutions could survive in Ottoman Palestine.

Ton Tielen shares his research in the Amsterdam and London Sephardic archives. He will show how there were closer ties between eastern and western Sephardic communities than is generally known.

Time: Sunday Dec 6, 2020. 2pm NYC, 7pm London, 8pm Amsterdam/Paris, 9pm Jerusalem.

Join Zoom Meeting

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If you can't get into the Zoom meeting, there is an overflow on YouTube at: Please subscribe to the YouTube channel, where past talks will be shared.

Best wishes,

Ton Tielen and David Mendoza
Sephardic World  

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לוח זמני תפלה לחורף תשפ״א

Winter Timetable 5781 – 2020/21

מוצאי שבת



מנחה שבת

סוף זמן קריאת שמע

הדלקת נרות

מנחה וקבלת שבת


שבת פרשת






Shema before

Candle Lighting

Minha & Kabbalat Shabbat



















4/5 Dec


Q & A on Parashat Vayishlach

All references are to the verses and Rashi's commentary, unless otherwise stated.

  1. What sort of messengers did Yaakov send to Esav?
    32:4 – Angels.
  2. Why was Yaakov both “afraid” and “distressed?”
    32:8 – He was afraid he would be killed. He was distressed that he would have to kill.
  3. In what three ways did Yaakov prepare for his encounter with Esav?
    32:9 – He sent gifts, he prayed, and he prepared for war.
  4. Where did Dina hide and why?
    32:23 – Yaakov hid her in a chest so that Esav wouldn't see her and want to marry her.
  5. After helping his family across the river, Yaakov remained alone on the other side. Why?
    32:25 – He went back to get some small containers he had forgotten.
  6. What was the angel forced to do before Yaakov agreed to release him?
    32:27 – Admit that the blessings given by Yitzchak rightfully belong to Yaakov.
  7. What was it that healed Yaakov's leg?
    32:32 – The shining of the sun.
  8. Why did Esav embrace Yaakov?
    33:4 – His pity was aroused when he saw Yaakov bowing to him so many times.
  9. Why did Yosef stand between Esav and Rachel?
    33:7 – To stop Esav from gazing at her.
  10. Give an exact translation of the word nisa in verse 33:12.
    33:12 – It means “travel”. It does not mean “we will travel.” This is because the letter nun is part of the word and does not mean we as it sometimes does.
  11. What happened to the 400 men who accompanied Esav?
    33:16 – They slipped away one by one.
  12. Why does the Torah refer to Dina as the daughter of Leah and not as the daughter of Yaakov?
    34:1 – Because she was outgoing like her mother, Leah.
  13. Whom should Shimon and Levi have consulted concerning their plan to kill the people of Shechem?
    34:25 – Their father, Yaakov.
  14. Who was born along with Binyamin?
    35:17 – His two triplet sisters.
  15. What does the name Binyamin mean? Why did Yaakov call him that?
    35:18 – Ben-Yemin means “Son of the South.” He was the only son born in the Land of Israel, which is south of Aram Naharaim.
  16. The Torah states, “The sons of Yaakov were twelve.” Why?
    35:22 – To stress that all of them, including Reuven, were righteous.
  17. How old was Yaakov when Yosef was sold?
    35:29 – One hundred and eight.
  18. Esav changed his wife's name to Yehudit. Why?
    36:2 – To fool Yitzchak into thinking that she had abandoned idolatry.
  19. Which three categories of people have their sins pardoned?
    36:3 – One who converts to Judaism, one who is elevated to a position of leadership, and one who marries.
  20. What is the connection between the Egyptian oppression of the Jewish people and Esav's decision to leave the land of Canaan?
    36:6 – Esav knew that the privilege of living in the Land of Israel was accompanied by the prophecy that the Jews would be “foreigners in a land not their own.” Therefore Esav said, “I'm leaving. I don't want the Land if it means I have to pay the bill of subjugation in Egypt.”

Halachot from Maran Rabbi Ovadia Yosef Ztz'l

מלוה מלכה

שאלה: האם חובה לאכול במוצאי שבת פת (לחם) לשם סעודה רביעית שנקראת גם כן מלוה מלכה?

תשובה: בגמרא במסכת שבת (דף קיט.) אמרו, “לעולם יסדר אדם שלחנו בערב שבת, אף על פי שאינו צריך אלא לכזית, ולעולם יסדר אדם שלחנו במוצאי שבת, אף על פי שאינו צריך אלא לכזית”. כלומר, יסדר את שלחנו, ויפרוש עליו מפה וכיוצא בזה בדרך כבוד, הן בליל שבת, והן במוצאי שבת. ומשמע לכאורה שסעודה רביעית על הפת (כלומר עם נטילת ידים וברכת המוציא ואכילת פת וברכת המזון) הרי היא חובה, כמו הסעודה הראשונה של שבת, שהרי שתיהן הוזכרו באותו סגנון בגמרא.

וכן כתב באמת הגר”א מוילנא, שמסמיכות מאמרים אלו משמע שסעודה רביעית צריכה להיות עם פת דוקא. וכבר פסקו כן הפוסקים, הרמב”ם ומרן השלחן ערוך (סי' ש) באותו לשון שהוזכר הדבר בגמרא.

ומרן החיד”א בספרו מחזיק ברכה הוסיף, שיש להזהר מאד בסעודה רביעית, ובעת שאוכל יכוין “ללוות את השבת” ולהשאיר ברכה לסעודות החול. וזאת על פי מה שאמרו במסכת פסחים (קג.) שהדבר דומה למלך שמלוים אותו בצאתו כשם שמלוים אותו בכניסתו. ובספר תוספת מעשה רב (סימן לט) הובא מעשה בגודל החיוב לאכול סעודה רביעית בכלל, שפעם אחת חלה רבינו הגר”א מוילנא במוצאי שבת, והיה מקיא ולא היה יכול לאכול סעודה רביעית, ואחר שישן ונרגע, ציוה את בני ביתו שיראו אם לא עלה עמוד השחר עדיין, יפררו לו כזית פת ויאכילוהו בכף כדי לקיים מצות סעודה רביעית. ורבינו יוסף חיים זצ”ל הוסיף שמעלת סעודה רביעית גדולה שמצלת מחיבוט הקבר.

אמנם מרן רבינו עובדיה יוסף זצ”ל העיר, שלדעת הגאונים, אף שודאי חובה לאכול סעודה רביעית, מכל מקום אין חיוב לאכלה עם פת. וכן מוכח מדברי עוד כמה מרבותינו הראשונים, שאין חיוב לאכול סעודה רביעית עם פת, אלא יכול להסתפק באכילת פת הבאה בכסנין, כגון עוגה (בשיעור כזית, עשרים ושבעה גרם) או אף בפירות.

ולכן להלכה העלה, שמצוה להשתדל לאכול פת ממש בסעודה רביעית, אבל אם אינו יכול לעשות כן, מפני שהוא שבע, יוכל לסמוך על שיטת הגאונים ולהסתפק באכילת עוגה. ואם אינו יכול לסעוד אף עם עוגה, יאכל לכל הפחות פירות. (וכעין זה מורים דברי מרן החיד”א ז”ל).

ומרן רבינו עובדיה יוסף זצ”ל היה זהיר באכילת סעודה רביעית עם פת לחם. ובכל מוצאי שבת לאחר שהיה חוזר משיעורו בבית הכנסת לעדת היזדים, היה נוטל את ידיו ואוכל סעודה רביעית. (ובערוב ימיו, כאשר פעם אחת לא יכול היה לאכול סעודה זו מרוב חוליו, הצטער על כך, וכשדיבר על צערו בפני אחד ממקורביו, אמר לו, ראה, שאפילו סעודה רביעית לא אכלתי מרוב כאבים).

ובהלכה הבאה יבואר דין הנשים וסגולתן בענין זה.

Melaveh Malka

Question: Is one obligated to eat bread on Motza’ei Shabbat for the fourth Shabbat meal which is also referred to as “Melaveh Malka” (meal escorting out the Shabbat Queen)?

Answer: The Gemara in Masechet Shabbat (119b) tells us that one should always set one’s table nicely (by placing a tablecloth on it and the like) on Erev Shabbat even if one only plans to eat a Kezayit (olive’s volume) of bread and one should always set one’s table nicely on Motza’ei Shabbat even if one only plans on eating a Kezayit of bread. It seems from here that eating bread (meaning washing one’s hands, reciting the Hamotzi blessing, eating bread, and reciting Birkat Hamazon) during the fourth Shabbat meal is compulsory just as it is regarding the first Shabbat meal, for both of these meals were mentioned within the same Gemara.

The Gaon of Vilna proves likewise from the juxtaposition of these two teachings in the Gemara that we can infer that the fourth Shabbat meal requires bread. The Rambam and Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch (Chapter 300) rule likewise. Maran Ha’Chida adds in his Sefer Machazik Beracha that one should be very meticulous regarding the fourth Shabbat meal and one should have in mind while eating to “escort the Shabbat Queen out” and to retain blessing for the various meals during the week. This is based on the Gemara in Masechet Pesachim (103a) that a king is escorted out just as he is escorted in. The Sefer Tosefet Ma’aseh Rav (Chapter 39) recounts a story about the importance of eating the fourth Shabbat meal, that once Hagaon Rabbeinu Eliyahu (the Gaon) of Vilna fell ill on Motza’ei Shabbat and he vomited and was not able to partake of the fourth Shabbat meal. After falling asleep and recovering, when he awoke he asked his family members to check if dawn had broken yet, for if not, he asked for them to crumble a Kezayit of bread and spoon-feed it to him so that he may fulfill the Mitzvah of eating the fourth Shabbat meal. The saintly Rabbeinu Yosef Haim adds that partaking of the fourth Shabbat meal protects one from agonizing suffering after death some must endure in the grave.

 Maran zt”l points out that according to the Geonim, although there is certainly an obligation to eat the fourth Shabbat meal, nevertheless, there is no obligation to eat bread. This is also the opinion of several of the Rishonim that one need not eat bread during the fourth Shabbat meal, and “Kisnin” bread, such as cakes or pastries (a Kezayit worth, approximately 27 grams), or fruit is sufficient.

Thus, halachically speaking, Maran zt”l concludes that it is a Mitzvah to eat bread during the fourth Shabbat meal, however, if one cannot because one is already satiated, cake or cookies are sufficient. If one cannot even eat cake, one should at least have some fruit (the words of the Chida also imply this).

Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l was extremely scrupulous regarding partaking of a bread meal for Melaveh Malka. Every Motza’ei Shabbat after returning from his weekly class in the Yazdim synagogue, he would wash his hands and partake of the fourth Shabbat meal. (Towards the end of his life when he was once so ill that he could not partake of this meal, this caused him much anguish, so much so that he exclaimed to one of his relatives, “Look at me! I am in so much pain that I cannot even eat the fourth Shabbat meal!)

דין הנשים בסעודת מלוה מלכה

בהלכה הקודמת ביארנו שמצוה על כל אדם להשתדל לאכול סעודה רביעית שנקראת גם כן סעודת מלוה מלכה, על שם שהיא נערכת במוצאי שבת ללוות את שבת המלכה בצאתה ולהותיר ברכה לסעודות החול. וביארנו שמצוה להשתדל לאכול פת (לחם) בסעודה זו, ומי שאינו יכול לאכול פת מחמת שובעו, יוכל לסעוד בפת הבאה בכסנין (כגון עוגה או קרקרים וכדומה). ואם אינו יכול אף בפת הבאה בכסנין, יאכל על כל פנים פירות.

ולענין הנשים אם עליהן להשתדל לאכול סעודה רביעית, הנה בספר תוספת מעשה רב (סי' לט) כתב, שפעם אחת קבלה על עצמה הרבנית אשתו של הגר”א מוילנא להתענות הפסקה (תענית הפסקה היא תענית ממוצאי שבת עד ליל שבת רצוף) ולכן הפסיקה מלאכול אחר סעודה שלישית בשבת, ומיד אחר ששמעה הבדלה מאחרים שכבה לישון. ויוודע הדבר להגר”א ושלח להודיע לה, שבכל ההפסקות שתעשה לא יכופר לה ההפסד של מניעת סעודה רביעית אחת. ואז תיכף ומיד קמה וגם ניצבה ואכלה סעודה רביעית. ומזה מבואר דעת רבינו הגר”א שיש חיוב בסעודה זו גם לנשים. (וכיוצא בזה כתב גם הגאון רבי יוסף חיים מבבל בשו”ת רב פעלים (ס”י לה) שהנוהגים לעשות תענית הפסקה בשנה מעוברת, אסור להם להפסיק מלאכול תיכף אחר סעודה שלישית של שבת, ולבטל סעודה רביעית.)

וכן העלה בספר פתח הדביר, שאף הנשים צריכות לאכול סעודה רביעית, וזאת על פי מה שכתב בספר מטה משה (ס”י תקיג) “עצם יש באדם ונסכוי שמו, והיא הנקראת לוז, שהיא עיצומו ועיקרו ושרשו של האדם, מעצם השמים, וגם כשימות האדם העצם ההיא אינה נימוחה ולא נפחתת, ואפילו יכניסוה באש אינה נשרפת, והיא נצחית, וממנה יחיה האדם לעת תחית המתים”. וכן אמרו חז”ל במדרש (קהלת רבה פי”ב ס”ה) מהיכן אדם מניץ לעתיד לבא? מן הלוז שבשדרה. ואמרו המקובלים שאין העצם נהנית אלא מסעודה רביעית של מוצאי שבת. ולכן גם הנשים צריכות לסעוד סעודה רביעית. ויש עוד טעמים לזה שאי אפשר להאריך בהם.

ולפיכך כתב מרן הרב עובדיה יוסף זצוק”ל שגם הנשים תשתדלנה לקיים מצות סעודה רביעית. והוסיף שמובא בשם הרב הקדוש רבי אלימלך מליז'נסק, שסגולה לנשים שתלדנה בקלות, שתאכלנה איזה דבר לשם מצות סעודה רביעית, ותאמרנה בפיהן “לשם מצות סעודת מלוה מלכה” ועל ידי זה תלדנה בנקל ובהרוחה בעזרת ה' יתברך. ושמענו כמה מקרים שנראה שהועילה סגולה זו.

The Laws of Women Regarding the “Melaveh Malka” Meal

In the previous Halacha we have explained that one should put forth an effort to eat The fourth Shabbat meal, which is also known as the “Melaveh Malka” meal, which is held on Motza’ei Shabbat to escort out the Shabbat Queen and to retain blessing for the rest of the meals of the week. We also explained that there is a special Mitzvah for one to eat bread during the fourth Shabbat meal, but if one is unable to do so because he is already satiated, one may partake of “Kisnin” bread (such as cake or crackers) instead. If one cannot even eat “Kisnin” bread, one should at least partake of some fruit.

Regarding whether or not women should put forth effort to eat the fourth Shabbat meal, the Sefer Tosefet Ma’aseh Rav (Chapter 39) recounts that once, the wife of the Gaon of Vilna accepted a fast upon herself that was to last from Motza’ei Shabbat until Friday night consecutively. Thus, she refrained from eating immediately after the Third Shabbat meal and immediately upon hearing Havdalah, she went to bed. This matter became known to the Gra and he sent a messenger to tell his wife that all of the fasts that she had undertaken would not suffice to atone for missing the fourth Shabbat meal even once. Immediately upon hearing this, she quickly rose and ate the fourth Shabbat meal. Clearly, we can infer that the Gra maintains that women are also obligated in the Mitzvah of partaking of the fourth Shabbat meal. (Similarly, Hagaon Rabbeinu Yosef Haim of Baghdad writes in his Responsa Rav Pe’alim (Chapter 35) that those who customarily fast on Jewish leap years from Motza’ei Shabbat until Friday night consecutively may not begin fasting immediately following the third Shabbat meal, thereby cancelling the fourth Shabbat meal.)

Similarly, the Sefer Petach Ha’Devir writes that women must also partake of the fourth Shabbat meal. This based on what is written in the Sefer Mateh Moshe (Chapter 513) that “there is a bone in a person’s body called ‘Nascoy’, which is also known as the ‘Luz’ bone, which is the essence and root of the human being from the essence of Heaven. When a person dies, this bone neither disintegrates nor becomes diminished and even if it were to be thrown into fire it would not burn, for this bone is eternal and from it will a person be restored at the time of the resurrection of the dead.” Similarly, our Sages tell us in the Midrash (Kohelet Rabba Parasha 12, Chapter 5) that in the future, a person will be resurrected using the “Luz” bone located in one’s spine. The Mekubalim tell us that this bone benefits solely from the fourth Shabbat meal eaten on Motza’ei Shabbat. Thus, women must also partake of the fourth Shabbat meal. There are more reasons for this which we cannot go into detail about at the present time.

Therefore, Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l writes that women should also put forth an effort to partake of the fourth Shabbat meal. He adds that it is quoted in the name of the saintly Rav Elimelech of Lizhensk that when a woman eats something for the fourth Shabbat meal and says beforehand, “this is for the sake of the Melaveh Malka meal,” it is especially auspicious for easy childbirth and in this merit they will, G-d willing, give birth easily and safely. We are actually aware of several cases where this Segulah (auspicious custom) has worked.