Newsletter Parashat Shelach – Shabbat Mevarechim

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ק׳ ק׳ שׁערי תפילה
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please contact a member of the Mahamad
שבת מברכים
This  שבת  is שבת מברכים
Reminder there will be NO derasha
instead we will have the 
kahal recitation of Sefer Tehilim
It is with great regret & sadness

that we inform the 

Kahal of the Petira of 

Alegria ע״ה

sister of our dear 

Vidal Maman ש״י 

Wishing him and all his family

 a long and healthy life


מן השמים תנחמו

אריכות ימים



would like to use this opportunity

to send our heartfelt condolences

to our dear friend

Vidal  ש״י  

and wish him & his family 

מן השמים תנחמו

  אריכות ימים  

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Moor Lane Women’s Nach Group
New programme for the Summer Season!

‘Ahab, Elijah and Jezebel’ _Kings 1_
Good and Evil, Truth and Lies, Murder and Miracles – 

join us as we delve into this fascinating chapter in the history of the Kings of Israel. 
Every Shabbat @ 6.15-7.15pm in the hall. 

Never tried learning Nach with us before? We all have different skill levels and we don’t judge. 
We believe EVERYONE can add something unique that benefits us all. 
Come along and give it a go, we’re very friendly!

For more information, contact 
Dina Shalom: 07840043734
Looking forward to learning together!

לוח זמני תפלה לקיץ תשפ״ג

Summer Timetable 5783 – 2023

מוצאי שבת



סוף זמן קראת שמע

זמן שבת

פלג מנחה (תה״ד)

פלג מנחה (לבוש)

מנחה וקבלת שבת


שבת פרשת




Shema to be read before

Candles to be
lit by


Earliest Candle lighting

Minha & Kabbalat Shabbat*



















16/17 June

שלח (ש''מ)

For those not in the Bet Hakeneset, but wishing to bring in Shabbat with the Kahal, candles should be lit about 30 minutes after the time listed for Minha and Kabbalat Shabbat, unless the time listed in the ‘latest candle lighting’ column is earlier, when candles MUST be lit by that time, in all cases.

Shabbat Afternoon 
Avot Ubanim 5:00 pm
Mincha 6:00 pm
Q & A on Parashat Shelach
  1. Why is the portion about the meraglim written immediately after the portion about Miriam's tzara'at?
    13:2 – To show the evil of the meraglim (spies), that they saw Miriam punished for lashon hara (negative speech) yet failed to take a lesson from it.
  2. To what was Moshe referring when he asked the meraglim “Are there trees in the land”?
    13:20 – Were there any righteous people in the land whose merit would “shade” the Canaanites from attack?
  3. Who built Hebron?
    13:22 – Cham.
  4. Which fruits did the meraglim bring back?
    13:23 – A cluster of grapes, a pomegranate and a fig.
  5. How many people carried the grape cluster?
    13:23 – Eight.
  6. Why did G-d shorten the meraglim's journey?
    13:25 – G-d knew the Jews would sin and be punished with a year's wandering for each day of the spies' mission. So He shortened the journey to soften the decree.
  7. Why did the meraglim begin by saying the land is “flowing with milk and honey”?
    13:27 – Any lie which doesn't start with an element of truth won't be believed. Therefore, they began their false report with a true statement.
  8. Why did the meraglim list Amalek first among the hostile nations they encountered?
    13:29 – To frighten the Jews. The Jewish People were afraid of Amalek because Amalek had once attacked them.
  9. How did Calev quiet the people?
    13:30 – He fooled them by shouting, “Is this all that the son of Amram did to us?” The people quieted themselves to hear what disparaging thing Calev wished to say about the “son of Amram” (Moshe).
  10. Why did the Land appear to “eat its inhabitants”?
    13:32 – G-d caused many deaths among the Canaanites so they would be preoccupied with burying their dead and not notice the meraglim.
  11. Besides the incident of the meraglim, what other sin led to the decree of 40 years in the desert?
    13:33 – The golden calf.
  12. On what day did Bnei Yisrael cry due to the meraglim's report? How did this affect future generations?
    14:1 – The 9th of Av (Tisha B'av). This date therefore became a day of crying for all future generations: Both Temples were destroyed on this date.
  13. “Don't fear the people of the Land…their defense is departed.” (14:9) Who was their chief “defender”?
    14:9 – Iyov.
  14. Calev and Yehoshua praised Eretz Canaan and tried to assure the people that they could be victorious. How did the people respond?
    14:10 – They wanted to stone them.
  15. “How long shall I bear this evil congregation?” G-d is referring to the 10 meraglim who slandered the Land. What halacha do we learn from this verse?
    14:27 – That ten men are considered a congregation.
  16. How is the mitzvah of challa different from other mitzvot associated with Eretz Yisrael?
    15:18 – The obligation to observe other mitzvot associated with Eretz Yisrael began only after the possession and division of the Land. The mitzvah of challah was obligatory immediately upon entering the Land
  17. What is the minimum amount of challa to be given to a kohen according to Torah Law? Rabbinic Law?
    15:20 – No fixed amount is stated by the Torah. Rabbinic Law requires a household to give 1/24 and a baker to give 1/48.
  18. Verse 15:22 refers to what sin? How does the text indicate this?
    15:22 – Idolatry. “All these commandments” means one transgression which is equal to transgressing all the commandments – i.e. idolatry.
  19. Moshe's doubt regarding the punishment of the mekoshesh etzim (wood-gatherer) was different than his doubt regarding the punishment of the blasphemer. How did it differ?
    15:34 – Moshe knew that the mekoshesh etzim was liable for the death penalty, but not which specific means of death. Regarding the blasphemer, Moshe didn't know if he was liable for the death penalty.
  20. How do the tzitzit remind us of the 613 commandments?
    15:39 – The numerical value of the word tzitzit is 600. Tzitzit have eight threads and five knots. Add these numbers and you get 613.

Halachot from Hacham Ovadia Yosef זצק״ל

הוספת תבלין לתבשיל בשבת

שאלה: האם מותר להוסיף תבלין, כגון פלפל שחור, לתבשיל בשבת, כדי לשפר את טעמו. וכן האם מותר להוסיף כורכום לתבשיל, כדי לצבוע אותו בצהוב, או שיש בזה איסור משום “צובע” או משום “בישול ?

תשובה: בהלכה בעבר, ביארנו באופן כללי את איסור צביעה בשבת, שמלאכת הצובע היא אחת משלשים ותשע המלאכות האסורות בשבת מן התורה.

צביעה באוכלין

בספר שבלי הלקט (לרבינו צדקיה בן רבי אברהם הרופא, שחי לפני כשמונה מאות שנה בעיר רומא שבאיטליה), כתב, צריך לעיין, לגבי נתינת הכרכום במאכל בשבת, אם יש בזה משום איסור צובע, ולפי דברי בעל היראים שאמר שאין דרך צביעה באוכלין, מותר. עד כאן.

ומבואר מדבריו, שבספר היראים כתב, שאין איסור לצבוע מאכלים בשבת, משום שאין זו דרך צביעה שאסרה התורה. שלא אסרה תורה אלא צביעה ממש, כגון צביעת בדים וכדומה, אבל מאכל, שאחרי צביעתו בדבר מאכל אוכלים אותו, אין זה בכלל צביעה שאסרה התורה. ולפי זה מותר יהיה לשים בשבת כורכום במאכל, בשביל לצבוע אותו בצהוב. וכן פסק מרן השלחן ערוך (סוף סימן שכ), שאין דין צביעה באוכלין בשבת.

ורבינו הרמ”א ז”ל גם כן כתב להקל בצביעה בשבת במיני מאכל, שהרי כתב שמותר לערב בשבת יין לבן יחד עם יין אדום, ואין לחוש לצביעה, והביא ראייה לדבריו, שהרי מותר לערב בשבת ביצה עם חרדל, ואף על פי שהעירוב נעשה רק על מנת לתת צבע נאה בביצה, מותר, ואין לחוש לזה משום צובע. משמע שהרמ”א גם כן סובר שאין איסור צביעה בשבת במיני מאכל.

בישול תבלין בכלי ראשון

אולם העיר על כך מרן רבינו עובדיה יוסף זצ”ל, שהדבר פשוט, שאין להקל בהוספת כרכום וכדומה, אלא בכלי שני דוקא, כלומר, אסור להוסיף תבלין לתבשיל, אלא לאחר שהוציאו את התבשיל מן הכלי שנתבשל בו, לכלי אחר, אבל בכלי ראשון, שהוא הסיר שבו התבשל התבשיל, אסור בהחלט להוסיף תבלין, שהרי יש בזה איסור משום בישול התבלין בשבת, שמרוב רתיחת התבשיל, מתבשל גם התבלין. (חזון עובדיה שבת, חלק חמישי עמוד לב).

לכן לסיכום: אין איסור צביעה באוכלין בשבת, ומותר להוסיף כורכום למאכל בשבת בכדי לצבעו, כל שהוא ראוי לאכלו מיד אחר כך. (אבל אין להוסיף תבלין, אלא בכלי שני, אבל לא בכלי הראשון שבו נתבשל התבשיל, וכפי שהסברנו).

Adding Spices to a Dish on Shabbat

Question: Is one permitted to add a spice, such as black pepper, to a dish on Shabbat in order to improve its taste? Additionally, may one add turmeric to a dish on Shabbat in order to color it yellow or does this constitute the prohibition of coloring or cooking on Shabbat?

Answer: In a past Halacha we have explained the general points of the prohibition of coloring/dyeing on Shabbat and that this is one of the thirty-nine works forbidden by Torah law on Shabbat.

Coloring Foods
The Sefer Shiboleh Ha’Leket (authored by Rabbeinu Tzidkiyah ben Rabbi Avraham Ha’Rofeh, who lived approximately eight-hundred years ago in Rome, Italy) writes that it is questionable whether one may place turmeric into a dish on Shabbat as this may constitute the prohibition of coloring; however, according to the words of the Sefer Yere’im who rules that the prohibition of coloring does not apply to food, it is indeed permissible to do so.

We see from these words that according to the Sefer Yere’im that there is no prohibition to color foods on Shabbat, for this is not the usual method of coloring which the Torah prohibited. The Torah only prohibits actual coloring or dyeing, such as dyeing fabric and the like; however, regarding food which is eaten after being colored, this is not included in the Torah prohibition of coloring. According to this, it will indeed be permissible to add turmeric to a dish on Shabbat in order to color it yellow. Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch (Chapter 320) indeed rules that coloring on Shabbat does not apply to food items.

The Rama rules likewise based on his ruling that one may mix white wine and red wine on Shabbat and there is no concern of coloring. The Rama proceeds to support this based on the fact that one may mix eggs and mustard on Shabbat and although this is only done in order to enhance the egg’s appearance, it is nevertheless permissible and there is no concern of coloring on Shabbat. We can certainly infer that the Rama agrees that the prohibition of coloring on Shabbat does not apply to food items.

Cooking Spices in a “Keli Rishon
Nevertheless, Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l points out that one may only add turmeric and other spices to dishes in a “Keli Sheni,” meaning that one may only add spices after the food has been transferred from the pot or vessel it was cooked in to another vessel. However, one may absolutely not add spices into a “Keli Rishon,” i.e. the pot where the dish was cooked, for this constitutes the prohibition of cooking the spices on Shabbat and as a result of the boiling temperatures of the dish, the spices are cooked along with it. (Chazon Ovadia-Shabbat, Volume 5, page 32)

Summary: The prohibition of coloring on Shabbat does not apply to food items and it is thus permissible to add turmeric to a dish on Shabbat in order to color it yellow, as long as it is ready to be eaten immediately thereafter. (However, one may only add spices to a “Keli Sheni” and not into the pot where the food was cooked, as we have explained.)